Migraines can be severe and radically affect one quality of life. Many patients don’t know why they are suffering from this debilitating condition. Migraines, however, are very common and there can be a number of causes.
The South African Family Practice Journal estimates that migraines occur in up to 18% of the general population. Migraine is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide—the first neurological disorder and the only headache disorder included in this list
The typical migraine headache according to Harvard Health is throbbing or pulsating and often is associated with nausea and changes in vision. While many migraine headaches are severe, not all severe headaches are migraines, and some episodes can be quite mild. Migraine headaches first appear during childhood or adolescence. Two-thirds of people who get migraines are women, probably because of the influence of hormones. Migraines also tend to run in families.
Migraine headaches can last from a few hours to a few days. A typical migraine sufferer will have several headaches each month. However, some people have only one attack in a lifetime, while others have more than three attacks per week.
Prevention of migraines
Not all migraine headaches can according to Harvard Health be prevented. However, identifying your headache triggers can help to reduce the frequency and severity of migraine attacks. Common migraine triggers include:
- Caffeine (either using too much or cutting back on regular use)
- Certain foods and beverages, including those that contain tyramine (aged cheeses and meats, fermented beverages); sulfites (preserved foods, wines); and monosodium glutamate (MSG), a common flavor enhancer. Many books have been published with some excellent migraine diets
- Stress, or relief from stress
- Hormone levels (menstrual cycles, hormone-containing medication such as birth control pills or estrogen)
- Lack of sleep or disrupted sleep patterns
- Travel or changes in weather or altitude
- Overuse of pain-relieving medications
- Even if you avoid all possible triggers, you are still likely to experience a migraine occasionally. And many people who get migraines have frequent and severe headaches no matter how well they avoid triggers.
- Other methods some people have used to decrease their migraine attacks include biofeedback, yoga, acupuncture, massage, and regular exercise.
Contributing factors for migraine should not be underestimated,” commented Dr. Laine Green neurologist at Dalhousie University in Halifax, “Addressing those alone can be very powerful in making someone’s migraine disorder better for them. But also, neglecting them can be a significant barrier to allowing people to get better.”
How your migraines are treated will depend on the frequency and severity of attacks. People who have a headache several times per year often respond well to nonprescription pain relievers. However, other therapies should be considered when headaches are disabling enough to interfere with usual activities and pain relievers don’t work well.
New remedies for headache relief
The National Headache Foundation of America has reported that capsaicin, which has been used as a pain reliever for centuries, had a study showing its success as a treatment for headache and migraine pain presented at American Academy of Neurology (AAN) Annual Meeting.
Intranasal capsaicin may offer in terms of rapid pain relief to severe headache and migraine sufferers who are in need of new treatment options,” said Dr. Chatterjee
Sinol M contains intranasal capsaicin and is now available in South Africa. Sinol M has been clinically proven to reduce headaches and migraines in as little as 30 seconds. Although initial administration might cause a stinging sensation, this is transient and seems to disappear over time.
Sinol M is available online or from all good pharmacies
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